Pan is shown with a goat's head,
hoof-shaped feet and the body and legs of a human.
The ithyphallic god holds a horn in his raised right hand, a bunch of grapes (?)
in his left. Pan stands on an integral rectangular base.
The figure is almost entirely covered with soil deposits, with much white slip
and pink pigment underneath.
The original collector's label is covered by a second one referring to Fischer's
The label below with the inscription ΘΙΣΒΗ B-IE mentions the Boeotian town of
Thisbe, where the figurine was found.
Often considered as a rustic god, Pan gained popularity as a deity supportive in
critical situations, and as a protector of young people during the transition to
The worship of Pan was especially relevant in Boeotia, where numerous terracotta
figurines have been found in caves.
Intact. Interesting piece with excellent provenance.
H. 11.3 cm (4.4 in)
Ex collection of Ernst Pfuhl (1876-1940), Basel, renowned classical
archaeologist and art historian.
Thence Galerie Fischer Luzern, 21 May 1941 sale, part of lot 232 (with copy of
the catalogue entry).
Auction house owner Theodor Fischer gifts the piece to a friend in July 02, 1941
(copy of the accompanying note and list of objects joined).
Click above for larger
Literature: Victoria Sabetai.
"Pan, God of Wilderness, in Boeotian Landscapes: Fear, Laughter and Coming of
Age", Mythos 13/2019.
For a figure with goat legs, cf. C44, pl. 63 in: Simone Mollard-Besques.
Catalogue Raisonné des Figurines et Reliefs en Terre-Cuite Grecs Etrusques et
Romains, Vol. I. Paris 1954.